Sunday, January 11, 2015

Je ne suis pas Charlie.

I am not Charlie.

Je ne suis pas Charlie.

What is the purpose of all this mess:  Is the purpose of this type of caricatures improve the understandings of the muslim minority in France?   Simply no.  It does not help. You can not improve people by making fun   of their beliefs.
Quel est le but de tout ce gâchis: Le but de ce type de caricatures améliorer la compréhension de la minorité musulmane en France?    Il suffit de pas. Cela ne aide pas. Vous ne pouvez pas améliorer les gens en se moquant   de leurs croyances.

  On the other hand no body deserves to be killed for their opinions even if  they are opposing you.  Again this is a matter of intellectual maturity   which needs to be developed in the religious life of the French muslims.
D'autre part personne ne mérite d'être tués pour leurs opinions même si   ils vous opposent. Encore une fois ce est une question de maturité intellectuelle   qui doit être développé dans la vie religieuse des musulmans français.

These caricatures and other offenses done by the westerners are provocations  and muslims should not be manipulated by them.    
Ces caricatures et autres infractions effectuées par les Occidentaux sont provocations   et les musulmans ne doivent pas être manipulés par eux.

Ideally, these magazines could print many positive things about the muslim  religion in comparison to Christianity and then print some critics among  them.  This would not  hurt anybody and contribute to the interaction  between two brother religions that indicate they believe in the same God.
Idéalement, ces magazines pourraient imprimer beaucoup de choses positives sur le musulman   la religion par rapport au christianisme (par ex. le respect de la mère et du père), puis imprimer certains critiques parmi les   eux. Cela ne aurait pas de mal à personne et de contribuer à l'interaction   entre deux religions frères qui indiquent qu'ils croient au même Dieu.

To say 'I am Charlie' is a simple failure.  Charlie did a mistake and it is  no good to follow and repeat that again.  Time is not the time for   confrontation but it must be a time for consolation in peace.
Pour dire «Je suis Charlie 'est un échec simple. Charlie a fait une erreur et il est   pas bon à suivre et répéter cela. Temps ne est pas le temps pour  confrontation, mais il doit être un moment de consolation dans la paix.

Friday, January 2, 2015

On Believing in Belief

On Believing in Belief




“ACC might be the brain’s error detection and correction device.”[1]


ACC is the mechanism that helps us mentally to decide if something is right or wrong.  You may think of  it as conscience sometimes.  Thousands years before Christ, a Hittite king advised his son :


 “Mein Sohn! Tue das, was in (deinem) Herzen (ist)”

“My son! Do what in your heart is.”[2]


“The ACC has been implicated in monitoring conflict among external and internal cues, with the dorsal ACC modulating cognitive aspects and the ventral ACC more involved in affect.” [3]


Qualia is how the outer world represented as a semantic tree in our mind.  The tree’s output is the quale value for that phenomenon.


“In any presentation, this content is either a specific quale(such as the immediacy of redness or loudness) or something analyzable into a complex of such.  The presentation as an event is, of course, unique, but the qualia which make it up are not.”   [4] 


ACC checks if something is related and can be placed ina qualia coherently.  Our conscience checks if it can explain a phenomenon as viable according to our previous experiences, knowledge and beliefs etc. 


If something can be laced in the semantic tree of qualia it means it is belieavable.  If the connections are strong and many it means it is strongly belieavable.


“2.4 Degree of Belief

Jessie believes that Stalin was originally a Tsarist mole among the Bolsheviks, that her son is at school, and that she is eating a tomato. She feels different degrees of confidence with respect to these different propositions.”[5]


If the connections are made negatively, something will be accessed as unbelieavable.


We have many qualia, on different subjects, the nature of the qualia determines the belieavablety of the phenomenon.  Religion is one of the qualia.  Religion provides an easy to access qualia for the human to handle the unknown.  Believing in a power outside him/herself in any form, in any qualia, political, philosophical and other helps human to handle the unknown.  Religion simplifies this for the large crowds while providing a fertile environment for arts and science to develop sometimes.


If something is in the working memory it is checked by the ACC for its compliance with any qualia.

The difficulty is, this would be very burdensome if it was valid for all the time.  Automatic processing bypasses the evaluation of ACC.  People can do incredibly good or bad things when they act automatically without self consciousness.  On the other hand this faculty is desperately needed for human beings to perform extraordinarily, specially in life or death moments but also in daily life. 


The human mind has a mechanism to stop checking the validity of things, it is belief in belief.  If there is a special qualia created for that area, belief in that belief area helps to isolate the working area from the ACC, conscience and practically stops it.


I will close the subject with an advise of a father as I had began it.  My father was a commando training officer who taught survival in winter, wilderness and in the mountains.  He used to tell us:


“Do not bind yourself with anything to the end in your life”.



[1] Bush, Luu, Posner, ‘Cognitive and emotional influences in anterior cingulate cortex’, Trends in Cognitive Sciences – Vol. 4, No. 6, June 2000, Elsevier Science Ltd.

[2] Daisuke YOSHIDA,  “Die Syntax des althethitischen substantivischen Genitivs” p. 5

[3] Nitschke, Mackiewicz, ‘Prefrontal and interior cingulate contributions to volition in depression’, Waisman Laboratory for Brain Imaging and Behavior,  Departments of Psychiatry and Psychology, University of Wisconsin, Elsevier 2005.

[4] Lewis, Mind and the World Order, 1941